Carbon steel tube and pipe products are manufactured from steel alloy materials, which are used to produce products such as seamless steel pipe, square steel tubing, round steel pipe, carbon steel seamless pipe, and much more. Carbon steel pipe and tube products provide a range of beneficial advantages for many industrial applications.
Carbon Steel Tube and Pipe Options
Carbon steel tubing and pipe products are available in several grade options to suit your application requirements. Our most popular grade is ASTM A500 carbon steel tubing. ASTM A500 is a standard specification for cold-formed welded and seamless carbon steel structural tubing in round, square and rectangular shapes. A500 is the most common specification in North America for Hollow Structural Sections (HSS). Carbon steel pipe and tube grades include:
Carbon Steel Tube and Pipe Advantages
Carbon steel pipe and tube products are revered for their many distinct benefits, delivering unprecedented results for high-level applications. Carbon steel shapes all have high cross-sectional stiffness due to their second moment of area.
- High strength
- Enhanced impact resistance
- Bearing stress
- Excellent welding and thermal processing
- Good plasticity
Differentiating Steel Tube & Pipe
Even though they sound the same, steel pipe and tube products are distinctly different and offer their own respective features and benefits. Some of the key differentiating factors that separate steel tube and pipe include the following:
- Tube is round, square, or rectangular.
- Steel tube is often used for smaller diameters where tight tolerances are needed, while steel pipe is well suited for large applications.
- Due to the manufacturing process, steel pipe is more cost-effective than steel tube since they require less processing and inspection.
- Tube is calculated by outside (OD) diameter and wall thickness; pipe is calculated by their nominal pipe size (NPS) and schedule (wall thickness).
- Pipe is round and is used to distribute fluids and gases.
Carbon Steel Tube and Pipe Properties and Composition
As the carbon content rises, steel can become harder and stronger through heat treatment, making it less ductile. In carbon steels, a higher carbon content reduces weldability and lowers the melting point.
Steel is commonly considered carbon steel when no minimum content is specified for any alloying element (for example, aluminum, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, vanadium, etc.) or any other element added to obtain a desired alloy effect. The manganese does not exceed 1.65%, the specified minimum for copper is not below .40% or exceed .60%, and silicon does not exceed .60%.
Contact Alro for Precision Steel Tube and Pipe Products Today
Alro’s network of metals service centers spans 75 locations and 15 states, making it easy to find a metals supplier near you. You can also order your metals online with convenient next-day delivery. Request a quote or call us at 888-888-2576 to speak with an expert.